Oral thrush in adults
Oct 04, †Ј Thrush is a common yeast infection caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans fungus. Candida lives in the body and on the surface of the skin, usually without issue. However, when it Author: Kiara Anthony. Thrush is caused by the overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida. Mouth and throat thrush is called oropharyngeal candidiasis. A thrush infection is annoying but itТs generally a minor problem for healthy people and will clear up in a few weeks with antifungal treatment. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.
Diagnosis of thrush depends on the location and identifying whether there is an underlying cause. The goal of any oral thrush treatment is to stop the rapid spread of the fungus, but the best approach may depend on your age, your overall health and the cause of the infection.
Eliminating underlying causes, when possible, can prevent recurrence. Thrush may return even after it's been treated if the underlying cause, such as poorly disinfected dentures or inhaled steroid use, isn't addressed. You're likely to start aduls seeing your family doctor or pediatrician. However, if you adultw an underlying condition that's contributing to the problem, you may be referred to a specialist for treatment. The doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Be ready to answer them to reserve ib to go over any points you want to spend more time on.
Your doctor may thrudh. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care.
This content does not have an English version. This causfs does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Diagnosis of thrush depends on the location and identifying whether there is an underlying cause. If thrush is limited to your mouth To diagnose oral thrush, your doctor or dentist may: Examine your mouth to look at the lesions Take a small scraping of the lesions to examine under a microscope If needed, do a physical exam and certain blood tests to identify any possible underlying medical condition recyrrent may be the cause of oral thrush.
More Information Upper endoscopy. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Accessed May 23, Kauffman CA. Overview of candida infections. Accessed May 24, Clinical manifestations of oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis. Treatment of oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis. Adutls candidiasis yeast infection. American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.
Onishi A, et al. Interventions for the management of esophageal candidiasis in immunocompromised patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Millsop JW, et al. Oral candidiasis. Clinics in Dermatology. Candidiasis mucocutaneous. Merck Manual Professional Version. Telles DR, et al. Oral fungal infections: Diagnosis and management. Dental Clinics of North America. Thrush and breastfeeding. La Leche League GB.
Wilkinson JM expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 5, Related Thrudh thrush. Associated Procedures Upper endoscopy. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo How to curl your hair with straighteners by yourself.
What causes recurring thrush?
Feb 25, †Ј Causes of thrush in adults Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of the yeast Candida Albicans. Candida is always present on the skin and inside the body in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina. This normally does not cause any problems since the beneficial bacteria in your body keeps it from growing out of control. Jul 01, †Ј The yeast that causes thrush, Candida spp., thrives in warm, moist, airless environments. General lifestyle changes that help prevent single episodes of thrush can also help reduce the risk of recurrent thrush. If you have diabetes, your risk of recurrent thrush is higher if your blood sugar is consistently ebrovary.com: Dr Mary Harding. Feb 26, †Ј Low numbers of the fungus Candida are naturally found in the mouth and digestive system of most people. They don't usually cause any problems, but can lead to oral thrush if they multiply. There are a number of reasons why this may happen, including: taking a course of antibiotics, particularly over a long period or at a high dose.
Thrush is a fungal yeast infection that can grow in your mouth, throat and other parts of your body. In your mouth thrush appears as a growth that can look like cottage cheese Ч white, raised lesions on your tongue and cheeks.
The condition can quickly become irritated and cause mouth pain and redness. Thrush is caused by the overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida. Mouth and throat thrush is called oropharyngeal candidiasis. While thrush can affect anyone, babies under 1 month old, toddlers, older adults and people with weakened immune systems where symptoms can be harder to control are at more risk. Thrush can be contagious to those at risk like people with weakened immune systems or are taking certain medications.
Because infants are more at risk, getting or giving thrush during breastfeeding is a worry with many moms. Babies with thrush can pass the infection to their mothers. When both mom and baby develop thrush they should be treated for the condition at the same time to prevent an ongoing exchange of the infection.
Most people have small amounts of the Candida fungus in the mouth, digestive tract and skin. They are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. When illnesses, stress, or medications disturb this balance, the fungus grows out of control and causes thrush.
Thrush usually develops suddenly. A common sign is the presence of those creamy white, slightly raised lesions in your mouth Ч usually on your tongue or inner cheeks.
They can also be seen on the roof of your mouth, gums, tonsils or back of your throat. Other symptoms may be:. The lesions can hurt and may bleed a little when you scrape them or brush your teeth.
In severe cases, the lesions can spread into your esophagus and cause:. Thrush can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver and skin. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV or other conditions that weaken the immune system. Your health care provider can usually tell right away if you have thrush by looking for the distinctive white lesions on your mouth, tongue or checks. Lightly brushing the lesions away reveals a reddened, tender area that may bleed slightly.
A microscopic exam of tissue from a lesion will confirm whether or not you have thrush but a physical exam is not always necessary. If thrush extends into your esophagus other tests may be needed. Your health care provider might:. Healthy kids and adults can be effectively treated for thrush. But the symptoms may be more severe and hard to treat in those with weakened immune systems.
Antifungal medications like nystatin are often prescribed to treat thrush. These medicines are available in tablets, lozenges or liquids that are usually "swished" around in your mouth before being swallowed.
Usually, you need to take these medications for 10 to 14 days. Your health care provider will have a specific treatment approach designed for you based on your age and the cause of the infection.
The presence of Candida infection can be a symptom of other medical problems. Be sure to talk to your health care provider to look for these and set up a treatment plan if needed. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Thrush Thrush, a fungal infection of the mouth, happens most often to toddlers and children but can affect anyone. Antifungal medications, which are generally taken for 10 to 14 days, are often prescribed to treat thrush.
What is thrush? Who can get thrush and is it contagious pass from person to person? Why is thrush a concern during breastfeeding? Symptoms and Causes What causes thrush? Medications that can make yeast flourish and cause infection include: Corticosteroids. Birth control pills. Candida infection is more likely to develop with: Uncontrolled diabetes. HIV infection. Dry mouth. Pregnancy caused by the hormonal changes that occur with pregnancy. What are the symptoms of thrush? Other symptoms may be: Redness and soreness inside and at the corners of your mouth.
Loss of ability to taste. Cottony feeling in your mouth. In severe cases, the lesions can spread into your esophagus and cause: Pain or difficulty swallowing.
A feeling that food gets stuck in the throat or mid-chest area. Fever, if the infection spreads beyond the esophagus. Diagnosis and Tests How is thrush diagnosed? Your health care provider might: Take a throat culture swabbing the back of your throat with sterile cotton and studying the microorganisms under a microscope.
Perform an endoscopy of your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine examining the lining of these body areas with a lighted camera mounted on the tip of a tube passed through these areas.
Take X-rays of your esophagus. Management and Treatment How is thrush treated? Prevention How can thrush be prevented? You can do these things to help you avoid a case of thrush: Follow good oral hygiene practices : Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day.
Avoid certain mouthwashes or sprays: These products can destroy the normal balance of microorganisms in your mouth. Talk to your dentist or doctor about which ones are safe to use. See your dentist regularly: This is especially important if you have diabetes or wear dentures. Limit the amount of sugar and yeast-containing foods you eat : Foods such as bread, beer and wine encourage Candida growth.
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