what does a thick uterus mean?
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition of the female reproductive system. The lining of the uterus (endometrium) becomes unusually thick because of having too many cells (hyperplasia). It’s not cancer, but in certain women, it raises the risk of developing endometrial cancer, a type of uterine cancer. Dec 02, · The endometrium normally changes in thickness and appearance throughout your menstrual cycle. These changes are associated with the hormonal changes that occur during the cycle. Early in the menstrual cycle, estrogen, which is produced by the ovaries, causes the uterine lining to grow, to prepare the uterus for possible pregnancy.
And in fact, uterine endometrial cancer in most cases begins with a thickened uterine lining. So this then begs the question: If not all cases of uterine wall endometrial thickening are cancer, what are the other conditions? However, Dr. Thickening of the uterine lining is often just benign hyperplasia, or it can be from benign uterine polyps.
This is thickening of the how to stop breastfeeding at 1 year lining and it is not always a sign of cancer, even though, as Dr. Schink points out, it can eventually lead to malignancy. High levels of the hormones estrogen and not enough progesterone are the prerequisite factors that pave the way to the development of hyperplasia — of which there are four grades — in increasing degree, as determined by an endometrial biopsy:.
These factors are more prevalent after menopause, but they can occur during the phase of perimenopause. No matter how thick the uterine lining is, a diagnosis of cancer cannot be made based on the measurement from an ultrasound. Only a biopsy can confirm cancer. Doctor Experts for this Site. Provided by CalculatorsWorld. Previous Next. Medically reviewed by Julian Schink, MD. One of the things that women fear most with a pelvic ultrasound is the finding that their uterine wall is thickened; cancer comes to mind.
High levels of the hormones estrogen and not enough progesterone are the prerequisite factors that pave the way to the development of hyperplasia — of which there are four grades — in increasing degree, as determined by an endometrial biopsy: Simple hyperplasia Complex hyperplasia Simple hyperplasia with atypia Complex hyperplasia with atypia These factors are more prevalent after menopause, but they can occur during the phase of perimenopause.
For additional information on endometrial cancer, contact Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Schink is dedicated to caring for patients and advancing treatments for gynecologic what is slc in education. His surgery and chemotherapy treatments include those for ovarian, cervical and uterine cancer. Lorra Garrick has been covering medical, fitness and cybersecurity topics for many years, having written thousands of articles for print magazines and websites, including as a ghostwriter.
Can Uterine Fibroids Turn into Cancer? BMI Calculator. Imperial Metric. Height ft. Weight lbs. Height cm. Weight kg. United States Last Updated: 5 mins ago. Confirmed Cases 0. New Cases 0. Total Deaths 0. New Deaths 0. Total Recovered 0. Active Cases 0. In Critical 0.
What Causes Endometrial Hyperplasia?
Nov 19, · Endometrial hyperplasia is the medical term for a condition in which the endometrium becomes too thick. This is often related to excessive levels of . Dec 10, · Endometrial hyperplasia describes a condition in which the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, becomes too thick. The condition itself is not cancerous; however, it . Jun 25, · According to the American Cancer Society, almost all uterine cancers start in the endometrial cells. Having an abnormally thick endometrium could be an early sign of cancer. Other symptoms include.
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the endometrium lining of the uterus is abnormally thick. There are four types of endometrial hyperplasia. The types vary by the amount of abnormal cells and the presence of cell changes.
These types are: simple endometrial hyperplasia, complex endometrial hyperplasia, simple atypical endometrial hyperplasia, and complex atypical endometrial hyperplasia. The primary symptom of endometrial hyperplasia is abnormal menstrual bleeding. Contact your doctor if you experience:. Endometrial hyperplasia is caused by too much estrogen or not enough progesterone. Both of these hormones play roles in the menstrual cycle. Estrogen makes the cells grow, while progesterone signals the shedding of the cells.
A hormonal imbalance can produce too many cells or abnormal cells. Abnormal uterine bleeding can be a symptom for many things. Your doctor can perform an exam and tests to diagnose the main condition. A transvaginal ultrasound measures your endometrium.
It uses sound waves to see if the layer is average or too thick. A thick layer can indicate endometrial hyperplasia. Your doctor will take a biopsy of your endometrium cells to determine if cancer is present. You are more likely to have endometrial hyperplasia if you have gone through menopause. Other risk factors for this condition are:.
Treatment options for endometrial hyperplasia depend on what type you have. The most common treatment is progestin.
This can be taken in several forms, including pill, shot, vaginal cream, or intrauterine device. Atypical types of endometrial hyperplasia, especially complex, increase your risk of getting cancer.
If you have these types, you might consider a hysterectomy. This is a surgery to remove your uterus. Doctors recommend this if you no longer want to become pregnant. There are also a number of more conservative treatments for younger women who do not wish to have a hysterectomy.
Your doctor will help you decide which treatment option is best for you. In most cases, endometrial hyperplasia is very treatable. Work with your doctor to create a treatment plan. If you have a severe type or if the condition is ongoing, you might need to see your doctor more often to monitor any changes.
This article was contributed by: familydoctor. This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject. Learn about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of this…. Abnormal uterine bleeding is any heavy or unusual bleeding from the uterus through your vagina. It can occur at…. Endometriosis is a medical condition in which the lining of the uterus grows on the outside of the uterus.
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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. High Blood Pressure. Home Diseases and Conditions Endometrial Hyperplasia. Table of Contents. What is endometrial hyperplasia? Symptoms of endometrial hyperplasia The primary symptom of endometrial hyperplasia is abnormal menstrual bleeding. Contact your doctor if you experience: Menstrual bleeding that is heavier or longer lasting than usual.
Menstrual cycles amount of time between periods that are shorter than 21 days. Menstrual bleeding between menstrual periods. Not having a period pre- menopause. Post-menopause uterine bleeding.
What causes endometrial hyperplasia? How is endometrial hyperplasia diagnosed? Can endometrial hyperplasia be prevented or avoided? Other risk factors for this condition are: Long-term use of medicines that contain high levels of estrogen or chemicals that act like estrogen. Irregular menstrual cycles, which can be caused by infertility or polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Use of tobacco. First menstrual cycle at an early age. Going through menopause at an older age.
Never having been pregnant. Family history of uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer. You cannot prevent endometrial hyperplasia, but you can help lower your risk by: Losing weight, if you are obese. Taking a medicine with progestin synthetic progesterone , if you already are taking estrogen, due to menopause or another condition. Taking birth control or another medicine to regulate your hormones and menstrual cycle. Endometrial hyperplasia treatment Treatment options for endometrial hyperplasia depend on what type you have.
Living with endometrial hyperplasia In most cases, endometrial hyperplasia is very treatable. Questions to ask your doctor Are there any other symptoms of endometrial hyperplasia, besides bleeding? How do I know if my bleeding is caused by endometrial hyperplasia? What is the most common age to get endometrial hyperplasia? What are the treatment options for endometrial cancer? Last Updated: January 16, This article was contributed by: familydoctor.
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